Sunday, May 24, 2020

Modern Theory Modern Attachment Theory Essay - 2241 Words

Modern Attachment Theory Modern attachment theory, which has now shifted to a regulation theory, takes Bowlby’s original work on attachment and looks at how early experiences, such as prenatal stress, optimal/suboptimal stress, and the mother’s ability to regulate the child’s needs, help the child form an internalized working model for attachment style due to the brain being an â€Å"experience-dependent organ† (Cozolino, 2010c; J. Schore A. Schore, 2012). According to modern attachment theory, a â€Å"good enough† mother needs to be psychobiologically attuned with her infant in order to co-regulate the shifts in the Central Nervous System (CNS) and Automatic Nervous System (ANS) that the infant will experience (J. Schore A. Schore, 2012). The mother’s ability to co-regulate the infant through the mother-infant affect synchrony, meaning the process of attunement, misattunement, and re-attunement will ultimately determine the child’s attachment style and if t he child will be resilient as well as if the child will be able to self-regulate (J. Schore A. Schore, 2012). A mother does not need to be perfectly attuned with her infant’s needs because moments of misattument that consist of mild to moderate stress followed be re-attunement are necessary in order to help foster the child’s resiliency (Mulligan, 2014a). However, during a moment of misattunement, the mother needs to re-attune with the infant in an appropriate amount of time in order to ensure that the child becomesShow MoreRelatedDevelopment Of A Child s Social And Emotional Development1377 Words   |  6 Pagesdevelopmental theories and how they have impacted modern day society in understanding the development of a child’s social and emotional development. Development is the pattern of change that begins at conception and continues through the lifespan (Santrock, 2008, p.5) Emotional development is the development of a child’s expression, understandin g, and how they regulate their emotions from birth through late adolescence. Piaget is one of the first people to look at developmental theory and throughRead MoreTheoretical Orientation Graphic And Position Paper1008 Words   |  5 PagesPaper Shanell Bathersfield conducted a self-assessment. She initially determined that the systems theory was one that she was not comfortable with. Through the last few course weeks, she was able to gain an in-depth perspective on several theories that are impactful in the social work field. The coursework and utilizing Juana and Adelina as case studies, truly gave an exclusive insight on how theories are used to understand the client’s circumstances and improve their well-being. While practicingRead MoreModifications of Bowlbys Attachment Theory Essay1724 Words   |  7 PagesModifications of Bowlbys Attachment Theory Bowlbys original theory of attachment was concerned with the bonding relationship that develops between an infant and his primary caregiver. He believed the process of bonding to have a biological basis as the genes of those infants who successfully sought the protection of a caregiver (from predators and other dangers) will have survived and been passed on. Bowlby also formulated the Maternal Deprivation hypothesis (1953)Read MoreJohn Bowlbys Path to Developing the Attachment Theory Essay593 Words   |  3 Pagesmany different theories on this subject, but a well-known theory is the Attachment Theory written by John Bowlby in the mid-twentieth century. John Bowlby born on February 26, 1907, was a twentieth century psychologist who contributed too many modern day psychoanalytic theories. At a young age he hardly saw his mother due to the fact that she believed, like many other mothers at that time, affection and attention would lead to spoiling of the child. So he developed a deep attachment to his nanny sinceRead MoreTheories of Love and Friendship Essay1088 Words   |  5 Pagessignificantly over the centuries. Quality of life was influenced by accepted practices related to theories of love and friendship. Exploring Medieval Europe and modern day approaches to relationships provide a clear illustration of how relationships have positively evolved over time. Theories of love and friendship have emerged from the early medieval period over 2000 years ago with notable theories from Plato and Aristotle. Plato (428-348 or 347 B.C.) was an ancient Greek Philosopher and pivotalRead Morebowlbys attachment theory786 Words   |  4 Pageson children in the 1960s. It has become more influential in recent years and is concerned with the adaptive, or survival, value of behavior and its evolutionary history (Hinde, 1989). The origins of ethology can be traced to the work of Darwin. Its modern foundations were founded by two European zoologists, Lorenz and Tinbergen (Dewsbury, 1992). Watching the behaviors of animal species in their natural habitats, Lorenz and Tinbergen observed behavioral patterns that promote survival. The most wellRead MoreThe Core Tenets Of Social Defense Theory Essay1156 Words   |  5 PagesAbstract Despite its roots in evolutionary theory, attachment theory has long split itself into two factions: adaptive and maladaptive. For years, insecure attachment has been implicated as one of the root causes for a number of psychological concerns (Dozier, Stovall-McClough, Albus, 2008). The development of social defense theory, however, provides an entirely new interpretation of attachment – that all attachment dispositions (secure, anxious, and avoidant) have access to different cognitiveRead MoreEssay about How Attachment Develops698 Words   |  3 PagesHow Attachment Develops According to Mary Ainsworth (1989) an attachment is an affectional bond which is a relatively long enduring tie in which the partner is important as a unique individual (and where there) is a desire to maintain closeness to the partner Ainsworth argued that attachment isnt an inherited behaviour (nature), but took the view that attachment is a learned process (nurture). She agreed to the view put forward by the behaviourists to explainRead MoreThe Various Theories of Criminology 1276 Words   |  5 Pagesdeveloping the theories. What role do criminologists play in the field of criminology? The term criminologist is used to describe any individual who is employed in the criminal justice field regardless of formal training. (Schmalleger) These individuals study crime, criminals, and criminal behavior. Those responsible for collecting and examining physical evidence of crime are referred to as criminalists. Criminologists perform a variety of activities such as data gathering, data analysis, theory constructionRead MoreThe Issue Of Criminal Activities1554 Words   |  7 Pagesto commit the offense; however, there are also many different developing theories and suggestions about why crimes actually occur at all. For example; do some individuals have a predisposition, born of either their nature or nurture, which leads them to commit crimes? Can the likelihood of committing a crime be decided within the first four years of life? And therefore, whether or not are offenders always to blame? Attachment can be defined psychologically as the emotional bond between a child and

Monday, May 18, 2020

Islands in the Stream (c1951) by Ernest Hemingway

Ernest Hemingway’s Islands in the Stream (c1951, 1970) was published posthumously and was expurgated by Hemingway’s wife.  A note in the preface states that she removed certain portions of the book which she felt certain that Hemingway would have eliminated himself (which begs the question: Why did he include them in the first place?).  That aside, the story is interesting and is much like his later works, such as (1946-61, 1986).   Originally envisioned as a trilogy of three separate novels, the work was published as a single book separated into three parts, including â€Å"Bimini,† â€Å"Cuba,† and â€Å"At Sea.†Ã‚   Each segment explores a different time period in the main character’s life and also explores different aspects of his life and emotions.  There is one connecting thread throughout the three segments, which is family.   In the first section, â€Å"Bimini,† the main character is visited by his sons and lives with a close male friend.  Their relationship is incredibly interesting, especially considering the homosocial nature of it in contrast to the homophobic comments made by some of the characters. The idea of â€Å"manly love† is certainly a main focus in part one, but this gives way in the second two segments, which are more concerned with themes of grief/recovery and war. Thomas Hudson, the main character, and his good friend, Roger, are the best developed characters in the book, particularly in part one.  Hudson continues to develop throughout and his character is interesting to witness as he struggles to grieve the loss of his loved ones.  Hudson’s sons, too, are delightful. In part two, â€Å"Cuba,† Hudson’s true love becomes a part of the story and she, too, is interesting and very similar to the woman in Garden of Eden. There is much evidence to suggest that these two posthumous works might be his most autobiographical. The minor characters, such as the bartenders, Hudson’s houseboys, and his comrades-in-arms in part three are all well-crafted and believable.   One difference between Islands in the Stream and Hemingway’s other works is in its prose. It is still raw, but not quite so sparse as usual.  His descriptions are more flushed out, even somewhat tortured at times.  There is a moment in the book where Hudson is fishing with his sons, and it is described in such detail (similar to the style in Old Man and the Sea (1952), which was originally conceived as part of this trilogy) and with such deep emotion that a relatively lackadaisical sport like fishing becomes thrilling. There is a kind of magic Hemingway works with his words, his language, and his style. Hemingway is known for his â€Å"masculine† prose – his ability to tell a story without much emotion, without much sap, without any â€Å"flowery nonsense.† This leaves him, throughout most of his chronology, rather walled-off from his works.  In Islands in the Stream, however, as with Garden of Eden, we see Hemingway exposed. There is a sensitive, deeply troubled side to this man and the fact that these books were published only posthumously speaks volumes to his relationship with them.   Islands in the Stream is a delicate exploration of love, loss, family and friendship.   It is a deeply moving tale of a man, an artist, fighting to wake up and live every day, despite his haunting sadness.   Notable Quotes: Out of all the things you could not have there were some that you could have and one of those was to know when you were happy and to enjoy all of it while it was there and it was good (99).   He thought that on the ship he could come to some terms with his sorrow, not knowing, yet, that there are no terms to be made with sorrow.   It can be cured by death and it can be blunted or anesthetized by various things. Time is supposed to cure it, too. But if it is cured by anything less than death, the chances are that it was not true sorrow (195). Theres some wonderful crazies out there. Youll like them (269).

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Burnings of Protestants and the Failure of Marys...

Burnings of Protestants and the Failure of Marys Religious Policy After Mary had taken the throne from Lady Jane Grey in 1553, she had, in her view, the task of returning the church to the state it had been in at the start of 1534. By the end of the year of her accession, Mary had re-implemented the heresy laws and by her death in November 1558, a minimum of 287 Protestants had died in the flames at Smithfield and elsewhere across the country. At the end of Marys reign Protestantism was far from being suppressed, and upon the accession of Elizabeth, England once again swung to Protestantism. England would never be officially Catholic again. Although it can be argued that Catholicism was not a†¦show more content†¦Mary had considered that policy would not be too difficult to pursue, as the country had been officially Catholic only 10 years previous. It has been argued as to what the causes of the failure of her religious policy actually were, and it is undisputed that there are a number of possible causes. Historians from John Foxe (writing in 1563) to Robert Tittler (1991) have disputed the effect that the burnings had on the populace. The initial argument was that the burnings had such a profound effect on the people of England that they took up the new religion in favour of Catholicism. This argument hangs on the idea that people saw the victims of the burnings being prepared to die for their faith, and were converted as a result. Tittler talks of widespread popular witness and sympathetic reaction to the burnings that took place under Mary[2], and David Loades concurs when he describes the burnings of Rogers and Hooper: At the same time the heroism of the early victimsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ ¦made a deep impression upon many who were notShow MoreRelatedTO WHAT EXTENT WAS THERE A â€Å"MID TUDOR CRISIS† DURING THE REIGNS OF EDWARD VI AND MARY I?2006 Words   |  9 Pagesthe west and in Norfolk (which had been partly caused by his own policies). As Dale Hoak points out his colleague s decided to get rid of him at this point not because he supported the poor but because he was incompetent. When Northumberland came into power, even though his reforms were far more extreme, with no possibility of alternative interpretation, he did not at that time cause crisis by putting the country in a firmly Protestant position. By being more decisive than Somerset, he was aimingRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pagescolonies after 1870 as a predictable culmination of the long nineteenth century, which was ushered in by the industrial and political revolutions of the late 1700s. But at the same time, without serious attention to the processes and misguided policies that led to decades of agrarian and industrial depression from the late 1860s to the 1890s, as well as the social tensions and political rivalries that generated and were in turn fed by imperialist expansionism, one cannot begin to comprehend the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Effects Of Water Pollution On Earth - 1845 Words

One of the most important resources is water as it is necessary to life on earth, so we are signing our own death warrant by polluting it. Water pollution is caused by the contamination of water through several means like industrial waste water, chemicals, detergents, and acid rain to name a few. This contamination affects the ever so delicate ecosystems worldwide, including the human ones. To be fair we have improved on this aspect since legislation in the recent years has improved water quality through water treatment plants and purification methods; nevertheless water affected by pesticides or herbicides still needs major improvement (4). This problem is not a new one and it can be seen as far back as 1974, in the Water Pollution†¦show more content†¦Solid Waste Solid garbage has become one tricky issue to solve in the recent years and engineers have not come with a solution just yet. The clock is ticking because unlike air and water pollution, this â€Å"resource† is not diminishing; in fact it is becoming more abundant with The US, Australia, Canada, Switzerland, France, and Norway being the leading benefactors (4). The short term solution to deal with the over abundance of garbage has been landfills, although this might not be an option in the near future as land used for landfills is becoming more scarce and they tend to create methane gas (4). Another solution is â€Å"waste to energy† plants, where garbage is incinerated, which on one hand provides a source of energy, but on the other causes air pollution(4) . This and the cost of the plant have caused people to rethink this â€Å"waste to energy† plants. Recycling is a more appealing solution and has grown in popularity in the recent years as the local government advocate it. The British government and other European countries are working on becoming greener by designing more eco friendly cars and of course advocating recycling (4). This does not mean that recycling has no drawbacks, as reusing materials usually requires more energy than when they are first produced. Another challenge that engineers face is the ever so resilie nt tire and how to properly

The Developing Adolescent Essay - 1402 Words

Developmental theories are a group of ideas, assumptions, and generalizations that interpret and illuminate the thousands of observations that have been made about human growth. In this way, developmental theories provide a framework for explaining the patterns and problems of development (Berger, 2008 p33). Adolescence represents one of the most critical developmental periods in life. It is a time of profound changes on all levels. The importance of both family and peers during these years is also discussed. The relationship between adolescent and his or her family are very important in the adolescents ability to develop through these years. One of the earliest theorists to shed light on adolescent development was Erik Erikson. He†¦show more content†¦The social part of the adolescent identity development has to do with ones history and how well integrated the individuals role was in his personal group as well as the coherence of the images and ideologies that guided him to this point in his life. There is a dark side of identity development which Erikson believes is comprised of all the fragments of roles tested and discarded in the search for the identity one will use to move into adulthood. When the identity is placed in peril, in other words, when the negative fragments from the past begin to surface, the individual might think these negative fragments cannot be contained within the positive identity. If this occurs, the wholeness of the person becomes at risk. At the very least, the adolescent feels disjointed (Erikson, 1975). This is probably why Erikson’s identified this stage as Identity vs Role Confusion. A great deal of research has been conducted regarding adolescent development during the last decade or so. The three most prevalent themes in adolescent development research in recent years are: 1.) broad integrative models of adolescent development that include biological, social, psychological and contextual factors; 2.) the identification of developmental pathways or trajectories during adolescence that are linked to prior growth duringShow MoreRelatedDeveloping An Alternative Punishment For Adolescents1345 Words   |  6 PagesDeveloping an alternative punishment for adolescents can be considered as a positive opportunity for the treating adolescent, society, community and the criminal justice field. Ethics helps management differentiate what is considered right or wrong within the management and the process implemented for the treating adolescents. There are many branches considered within the study of ethics. Metaethics can be considered as the language, methods, logic structure, or reasoning when interpretation ethicRead MoreAdverse Health Effects o f Adolescent Pregnancy Essays1451 Words   |  6 PagesAdolescent pregnancy is a very important health issue worldwide. When adolescents who, are often physically and mentally unprepared to bear a child are become mothers it has astoundingly negative outcomes for the mother. Including bad personal outcomes adolescent mothers often give birth to children with increased health issues when compared to a healthy adult mothers. Because of the negative outcomes associated with adolescent pregnancy, the issue should be addressed worldwide. Adolescent mothersRead MoreThe Development Of An Individual And The Aspects Within Psychology1566 Words   |  7 Pagesdissatisfaction to oneself and others in many situations. In regard to developing, as an individual grow up, they believe they are able to handle things on their own and perform adult task. As a parent, it becomes difficult to communicate with an adolescent that lies and cover up their emotional feelings. The known psychological theor etical perspective in the article is the decisions regarding the behavior of an adolescents actions. The adolescences disclosure and secrecy behaviors increase, whileRead MoreThe Problem Of The Female Youth Population1519 Words   |  7 Pagescould be tomorrow’s key to a healthy, flourishing society. The well-being of the female youth population is a primary contribution to the welfare of a successful social and economic result in varying communities. 600 million of these adolescent girls live in developing countries; most of them have to face the harsh reality of a collapse in their healthcare, education, and many other contributing factors. The problems these girls face are what lead to worldwide conflicts scattered throughout multipleRead MoreThe Correlation Between Abused Adolescence And Addiction1152 Words   |  5 Pagesregards to his or her neurodevelopment. Adolescents believe that they are mature individuals with the ability to make intelligent decisions without an y direction or guidance from anyone else. This is very alarming considering that the adolescent is very impulsive in his or her decision making abilities, instead of reasoning through the negatives and positives regarding his or her final decision regarding an issue or situation he or she is presented with. Adolescents are not always aware or concerned withRead MoreComorbidity Disorder In Children Essay1063 Words   |  5 PagesDeficity Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents, due to both disorders sharing executive functions insufficiency. According to Riley, Ahmed, and Locke (2016), one of the two most common comorbidity disorders in children and adolescences with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is ADHD, which transpires in fourteen percent to forty percent of children that has ODD, particularly in the ODD children that have more predominant symptoms of defiant and headstrongness. APA (2013) DiagnosticRead MoreThe Dangers Of Adolescent Pregnancy1453 Words à ‚  |  6 PagesAdolescent pregnancy occurs between the ages of 15-19 (as defined by the World Health Organisation) (Adolescent Pregnancy., 2014) and most commonly occurs in developing countries (Such as sub-Saharan Africa [Teen pregnancy statistics, 2016]). As many of the pregnancies happening are to young girls from under-developed countries, they are often unable to afford the necessary healthcare that most developed countries could provide expectant mothers. Due to the fact that under-developed countries haveRead MoreHealth Care Challenges when Working with Adolescents Essay1174 Words   |  5 Pageswith the adolescent population we have many health care challenges. Adolescents experiences profound physical changes which occur rapidly. These include increased rate of bone and muscle growth, sex specific changes and development of the sexual reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics. â€Å"†Changes are created by hormonal changes within the body when the hypothalamus begins to produce gnoadotropin-releasing hormones† (Potter Perry, 2005, p. 205). This is a time when adolescents becomeRead MoreDrug Abuse And Adolescent Risky Behavior884 Words   |  4 Pagesaddictions begin with risk taking. So, why is it that adolescents have such an attraction to risky behaviors? According to Broderick (2013), adolescents have a high propensity for sensation seeking (novel experiences) and seem to be willing to put themselves at risk in order to have these novel experiences (p. 392). This essay will attempt to discuss how the brain is developing, being impacted, and, how spiritual development effects adolescent risky behavior. Risky behaviors can include any behaviorRead MoreEffects Of Adolescents On Young Middle Adolescents Essay1285 Words   |  6 Pagesprogramer, treating adolescents and addiction we have to know that this population moves through three varying time periods: early (12-14 years of age), middle (14-17 years of age), and late(17-19 years of age) (NRPA.ORG) The programmer must understand that each developmental stage has different demands. For example, younger adolescents focus on the present, whereas, older adolescents focus on developing their future(). Moreover, a study analyzed how young to middle adolescents spend their free time

Strategic Sourcing Evaluation Methodology †

Question: Discuss about the Strategic Sourcing Evaluation Methodology. Answer: Introduction: Sapphire Energy is a popular brand of Laburnum Group. However, Laburnum Group is a well-known organization of Australia, which has both energy and clothing business. This organization has got the position among the largest organizations in Australia. The major objective of Laburnum Group is to provide a satisfactory return to their customers. Supply chain management issue becomes a big issue among the energy manufacturing industries at present time (Christopher, 2016). In the recent years, this business group has been facing supply chain management issues regarding their clothing and energy area. Thus, it is necessary for this organization to identify the areas of problem where necessary improvement can be implemented. Sapphire Energy provides reliable electric service to their consumers across Bendigo, Sunbury, Wodogona, Geelong, Melton, Miduara and many other places. The major material used in this service is 1/0 AWG aluminum triplex cable. This cable is responsible to distribute t he energy from distribution pole to the meter loop. Electricity distribution is the major business activity of this organization. However, Eastern Power storeroom is the main stakeholder of Sapphire Energy and has made a contract with them. In the given scenario, it has been observed that Sapphire Energy focuses on high-quality service to satisfy their stakeholders. In the recent years, Eastern Power needs 155,000 meters of this cable service from Sapphire Energy. This cable is required to carry out the routine service work. Hence, an agreement is made between Eastern Power and Sapphire Energy. According to this order agreement, Eastern Power should use one-twelfth of its total annual demand. As per this new ordering system, the cable service needs to install within five normal working days. The main aim of this ordering system is to reduce the lead time besides ensuring their customers to get a regular spot in the production schedule of the concerned suppliers. The carrying cost of the materials of current ordering system is $1.35 pe r meter, which is quite high. Current ordering system of Sapphire focuses on the reduction of lead time, however; this aim is fulfilled otherwise the lead time could be 12 weeks instead of 5 days. As argued by Mamani Moinzadeh, (2014), lead time reduction is necessary for the suppliers to enhance their supply chain management otherwise they may face an issue. Sapphire Energy needs at least 4500 meters for a single order and the capacity of Eastern Power Storeroom is 90,000 meters. This will be effective for this ordering system as Sapphire Energy will get more order from this shareholder. Based on the EOQ or Economic Order Quantity the total cost of this current ordering system can be defined. Economic Order Quantity system refers to the number of units that an organization adds to its inventory in order to minimize the total cost of inventory management (Chen et al., 2014). Inventory cost includes shortage cost, holding cost and order cost. Application of EOQ is useful to review the inventory system. In the context of Eastern Power, they require 155,000 meters of service cable and the carrying cost is $1.35 per unit. As per the EOQ calculation. From the above calculation, it has been received that value of EOQ is low and the carrying cost is high. Due to low carrying cost, the demand becomes decreased. Hence, it can be said that the carrying cost is high, which may affect the business of Sapphire. From the given scenario and the above calculation, it has been identified that due to high carrying cost it will be difficult for Eastern Power to take cable service from Sapphire Energy. On the other hand, based on the contract system Eastern Power has to take at least one-twelfth of its annual need from Sapphire Energy. Hence, due to the high carrying cost Eastern Power faced difficulties to take service form its supplier. High carrying cost often hampers the demand of customers (Stadtler, 2015). As per this scenario, it has been received that the current ordering system based on the contract between Sapphire Energy and Eastern Power is effective to minimize the lead time. On the other hand, this ordering process is not cost eff ective as it enhances the carrying cost, which is the main issue of supply chain management in the context of Sapphire Energy. For the effective management of a supply chain, lead time should be reduced (Nguyen Wright, 2015). Hence, Sapphire Energy is able to reduce the time between the initiation and the completion of their cable service project. This is a major benefit of their current ordering process. Despite this effectiveness, Sapphire Energy did not offer any quantity discount, which is a major drawback of their supply chain management. Based on the above analysis it has been found that high carrying cost, low demand and lack of discount are the major drawbacks of the supply chain process of Sapphire Energy. Ways to improve the Current System of Sapphire Energy From the above analysis, it has been received that current ordering system of Sapphire Energy is good to decrease the lead time however, the carrying cost is high. Eastern Power has a high demand for cable service from Sapphire Energy. Due to the high carrying cost may affect this demand. High cost of suppliers often decreases the customer numbers (Tyagi et al., 2015). In the context of Sapphire Energy, they need to reduce their carrying cost per unit to enhance the demand of customers. However, it will be helpful for Sapphire Energy to provide service with low carrying cost and reduced lead time. This process will be effective to enhance the demand for Sapphire Energy. Customers always prefer high-quality service with low cost (Cooper, 2017). Sapphire Energy needs to change their pricing strategy for carrying the cost. By using low carrying cost this organization will be able to increase the demand. On the other hand, offering quantity discount will be an effective strategy for Sapp hire Energy to enhance the demand. Discount pricing and high-quality service with reduced lead time will be beneficial to improve the current ordering system in the context of Sapphire. Therefore, this process will help this organization to cover a large number of stakeholders across Australia. Auscotton is a global manufacturer of clothing products and it offers both winter and summer sports apparel. In the recent years, Auscotton has started contract manufacturing with Taiwan, India, China, and Vietnam. At present Auscotton has been facing issues due to a high level of competition in a global market. Many competitors provide similar products such as winter and summer products to customers, which affects the unique business feature of Auscotton. Some new competitors offer similar products as like as Auscotton with an attractive profit margin. Therefore, Auscotton has an inaccuracy in demand forecast. This hampers their business as well as strategic sourcing in the global market. Poor competitive strategy and forecasting affect the growth of an organization in the global market (Kim Chai, 2017). Due to these major issues, Auscotton faced a high cost of transportation, inconsistency and unexpected variation in their supply chain management. From the given scenario, it has b een found that the strategic sourcing of Auscotton or contract manufacturing process with foreign countries was not effective as a result they have faced a huge competition in the global market. Threat of substitutes occurs in the context of Auscotton, which hampered their business. According to the given scenario, it has been found that the demand forecast is not strong in the context of Auscotton. However, inaccuracy of demand forecast in Auscotton leads them to face threat of alternative product, high cost of transportation and reduced lead times. Less-than product demand forecast leaves a negative effect on Auscotton business. Proper forecasting is required for a business to understand the current market position based on which an organization is able to measure their future profit margin (Kotabe Murray, 2018). In the context of Auscotton their demand forecast was failed to measure the current demand of global market as well as the entire operating cost. As a result, they failed to identify the severity of the competitors in the global clothing industry. Hence, many competitors enter in market easily and hamper the unique product feature of Auscotton by offering a similar product. On the other hand, due to poor forecast Auscotton failed to select the lead t ime as selection of lead time is based on the type and materials of the product. Proper forecasting helps an organization understand the urgency of the shipment based on the demand. Hence, inappropriate demand forecast Auscotton failed to measure the urgency of shipment and failed to deliver the product within promised date. As a result, they need to pay more to transport the product during the emergency. Less-than-perfect demand forecast also brings unnecessary variations in the existing supply chain management. In order to reduce the poor forecast Auscotton needs to carry out a proper demand forecast within the scheduled time. Therefore, they need to carry out a proper market analysis to understand the strength of the competitors. On the other hand, to reduce the high transportation cost this organization needs to complete the shipment within the promised time (Kim Chai, 2017). Therefore, this organization should employ supply-demand forecasting model as it will help them to reduce delay in supply chain operation. Application of granular model will help this organization to identify the purchasing behavior of customers and optimum pricing in global market. Vital Elements of strategic sourcing methodology to bring improvement in the supply chain of Auscotton Supply and market analysis, negotiation, development of product and pricing strategy and identification of proper sourcing process will be the effective elements of sourcing methodology for Auscotton to improve their clothing business. Market analysis and pricing are the major components to bring improvement in a supply chain process (Presley, Meade Sarkis, 2016). However, Auscotton needs to select loyal partners for their sourcing process. Therefore, they can make a contract with their partners, which will help them to reduce legal obligation. Low pricing strategy and discount pricing will be beneficial for this organization to gain competitive advantages. Therefore, negotiation should be implemented to enhance the demand in this organization. Some of the contract manufacturers of Auscotton are involved in illegal merchandise and they sell their product through gray market channels. These contract manufacturers produce similar products, which competes with the branded merchandise of Auscotton. In order to deal with this situation, Auscotton needs to follow the Intellectual Property Laws Amendment Act 2015 ( 2018). By following this Act Auscotton will be able to protect their intellectual property from the competitors. Therefore, by following Competition and Consumer Act 2010 Auscotton will be able to take necessary action against the suppliers those are misleading the consumers by using the brand name of Auscotton. References Chen, S. C., Crdenas-Barrn, L. E., Teng, J. T. (2014). Retailers economic order quantity when the supplier offers conditionally permissible delay in payments link to order quantity. International Journal of Production Economics, 155, 284-291. Christopher, M. (2016). Logistics supply chain management. Pearson UK. Cooper, R. (2017). Supply chain development for the lean enterprise: interorganizational cost management. Routledge. Kim, M., Chai, S. (2017). The impact of supplier innovativeness, information sharing and strategic sourcing on improving supply chain agility: Global supply chain perspective. International Journal of Production Economics, 187, 42-52. Kotabe, M., Murray, J. Y. (2018). Global Sourcing Strategy: An Evolution in Global Production and Sourcing Rationalization. In Advances in Global Marketing (pp. 365-384). Springer, Cham. (2018).Intellectual Property Laws Amendment Act 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2018, from Mamani, H., Moinzadeh, K. (2014). Lead time management through expediting in a continuous review inventory system. Production and Operations Management, 23(1), 95-109. Nguyen, T. H., Wright, M. (2015). Capacity and lead-time management when demand for service is seasonal and lead-time sensitive. European Journal of Operational Research, 247(2), 588-595. Presley, A., Meade, L., Sarkis, J. (2016, July). A strategic sourcing evaluation methodology for reshoring decisions. In Supply Chain Forum: An International Journal (Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 156-169). Taylor Francis. Stadtler, H. (2015). Supply chain management: An overview. In Supply chain management and advanced planning (pp. 3-28). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Tyagi, S., Choudhary, A., Cai, X., Yang, K. (2015). Value stream mapping to reduce the lead-time of a product development process. International Journal of Production Economics, 160, 202-212.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Review and history of Shakespeares play As You Like It Essay Example For Students

Review and history of Shakespeares play As You Like It Essay In the aforementioned play Oliver is dressed in rich bright colours (thus creating a sense of prosperity which is predominant at court) and initially appears controlled yet forceful, reflecting the manner in which one is expected to behave at court. Oliver also appears rather rotund and physically unfit, which may contribute towards his poor fighting skills, as referred to by Orlando in line 43 of act one, scene one- You are too young in this. Also, Oliver originally strikes Orlando thus betraying his aggressive nature, which is also typical of the court. However, it may be difficult to draw parallels between the court and Oliver in terms of the orchard where the first scene is set. The orchard is in no way unnatural and the sounds of birdsong can be heard in the background as Oliver and Orlando converse, which is in no way typical of the image of the court as cruel and unnatural. Even so Shakespeares stage directions do state that this scene is set in the orchard and consequently this interpretation cannot be viewed as being untrue to the text. However, the court scene is set during cold weather in a snow storm, which reflects Olivers and the courts cruel nature. In contrast to Oliver, Orlando wears darker, shabbier clothing, thus reflecting the shabbier, simpler state of the forest, which is true to the text. Also, Orlandos emotional and subservient state is reflected as he chops wood and weeps in the orchard of the court. This action is also true to the text as it reflects the unjust manner in which Oliver treats his sibling- this servitude. It can also be said that, like Orlandos emotions, the forest is natural and held in lower esteem than the court. This interpretation also begins with the same speech as in the text (As I remember, Adam. ) and does not cut any of the dialogue out, thus showing to a greater extent how Orlando can be seen to be similar to the forest. Of course, it can also be said that the contrast between the court and the forest can be represented by the two pairs of brothers in other key points of the play. In act two, scene one Senior can be seen to represent the forest as the forest is described as being, More free from peril than the envious court and allows people to live freely without social restraints, as Senior does and as he lives himself. If Amiens song about the forest is to be believed (No enemy but winter and rough weather, act two, scene five), then Senior again represents the forest as he and his followers have no enemy within the forest bar the weather. In addition, Senior experiences natural problems in the forest, such as intemperate weather conditions, as the forest is not perfect (much like himself) but its flaws are entirely natural. In the Christine Edzard interpretation of the play this particular scene is depicted as being windy (which is true to the text- The churlish chiding of the winters wind) but Arden is located in an urban wasteland. Therefore, the lessons that the forest teaches one, Brooks in the running brooks, cannot be properly depicted as there are no rivers. However, in the BBC adaptation the camera focuses on a stream whilst this line is being spoken and in doing so effectively emphasises the natural state of the forest. Also, in the RSC , Christine Edzard and BBC adaptations of the text, Senior wears simple clothing to reflect his exiled state and the simplicity of Arden. .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 , .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 .postImageUrl , .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 , .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2:hover , .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2:visited , .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2:active { border:0!important; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2:active , .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2 .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u2f099e3466fe07d955618181fd2c49b2:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Part One - Shakespeare"s Alleged Blunders in Legal Terminology EssayIn the BBC adaptation, the forest also appears to be tranquil and natural, as is Senior. In short, Senior represents nature, whilst his younger sibling Frederick represents fortune. Fredericks evil nature is also shown by his intent to put his brother to the sword. Fredericks evil nature is also depicted in the BBC interpretation of the text in the wrestling match- the wrestling is drawn out, focuses on Orlando and Charles and the audiences shocked reaction to events, showing the barbarity of the court. However, in the Edzard interpretation of the text the actual wrestling match is not shown, merely the audiences reaction which does not fully capture the brutality of the court (and indeed Senior). Even so, the text only states They wrestle which is open to interpretation. However, it is apparent that the character of Frederick has a Rough and envious disposition (act one, scene two) as he banishes Rosalind from court due to the fact that he believes his daughter Celia to be in direct competition with her. Fredericks expulsion of Rosalind from court also shows that he is Humorous, as is the court. Even so, the forest does exert a beneficial influence on Frederick and converts him, showing how evil can be converted to good- Converted both from his enterprises and from the world. Similarly, the contrast between the court and the forest can also be represented by Olivers conversion from bad to good, from experiencing unnatural feelings to natural feelings upon his entry to Arden- My conversion so sweetly tastes, being the thing I am. Arden is also presented as a magical, good, mythical place in the RSC production, in which actors play trees and sheep, thus conforming to the pastoral tradition and consequently making the forest appear to be a good place. Similarly, Orlando represents the forest as it is governed by natural elements, particularly in Christine Edzards version of the text where Arden appears to be cold and windy (and smoke is billowing from a fire) and Orlando is also governed by his natural emotions and feelings. However, the court and the country are barely distinguishable in this as both are set in urban areas, thus making this a challenging interpretation at best. Also, in contrast to Amiens song about false friendship and ingratitude- Thou art not so unkind as mans ingratitude- Orlando only ever displays gratitude towards the Duke and true friendship towards the elderly Adam. This inherent good nature and display of genuine affection is comparable to the good nature of the forest. Finally, the conversation between Touchstone and Corin regarding court life versus country life in act three, scene three describes how the court dwellers mock the country dwellers, as Oliver mocks Orlando- Behaviour of the country is mockable at court. In short, the contrast between the court and the forest can be represented by the two pairs of brothers in both act one, scene one and the play as a whole.